How India cooperates with Canada on S&T matters

Science and technology is the foundation on which any development is based on. A country cannot be pioneer in all aspects of the subject and needs assistance of other entities for development projects. Science and Technology (S&T) cooperation between nations is a good way to exchange expertise and come up with improved solutions which makes sense for businesses of both the countries.

Canada has always believed in forming international relations with countries all over the world in mutually beneficial agreements. It has a devoted funding program to help the projects with necessary finance and support.

The initiatives come under the International Science and Technology Partnerships Program of Canada. The $20 million five year program is geared at developing strong scientific and technological relationships with other countries.

Canada and India Science and Technology (S&T) Cooperation

India has been one of the earliest countries to cooperate with Canada since its independence in 1947. The efforts got a final shape in 2005 when the Canada-India Science and Technology Agreement was signed between Jim Peterson, International Trade Minister and Kapil Sibal, India’s State for Science and Technology and Ocean Development minister.

The agreement was made in a bid to expand the collaborative research and bring the researchers and innovators of the countries together. Many benefits like joint technological and scientific projects, exchange of information and experts will be facilitated by the cooperation.

The collaboration will team up the Indian and Canadian governments, researchers, businesses and universities and enable them to work closely to deliver new products, ideas and solutions. The mutual strength and common interests in science and technology of both countries will be supported by suitable investment to create jobs using knowledge from research and development.

Areas of Collaboration

Canada-India Joint S&T Cooperation Committee is responsible for implementing the projects and overseeing the operations of the working groups. A wide range of areas have been chosen for collaboration and some of them are-

  • Alternative energy sources and sustainable environmental solutions
  • Medical technology and health research
  • Nanomedicine and nanoscience
  • Aerospace management
  • Disaster management
  • Earth science and environment
  • Information communication technology
  • Nanotechnology and biotechnology

The scope and number of projects under the agreement has increased from time to time when the nations met to update them. Kapil Sibal and David Emerson met in 2008 and added other areas of priorities in the agreement like photonics, biopharmaceuticals and synchrotron science.

Nature of Funding

The 2005 S&T agreement saw Canada introduce $6.75 million for a course of five years. In 2008, representatives from two nations added new joint S&T initiatives to the list amounting to $17 million.

The Canadian side of the funding is managed by the International Science and Technology Partnerships Program. India plays in part by matching the funding of Canada according to the terms of the agreement.

Many federal and provincial government agencies and private sector organizations of both countries have also contributed funds to the joint S&T projects.

The S&T cooperation between Canada and India is currently one of the most happening partnerships that the countries have developed.

What Canada and Brazil are working on?

Science and Technology (S&T) cooperation between countries is an important aspect of foreign affairs which mutually benefits both of them. It can boost the economy and pacify aggressive governments and also improve lives, health, living conditions and the society.

Canada and Brazil S&T collaboration

Canada has formed meaningful S&T cooperation with many countries including one of its trading partner Brazil. The Canada-Brazil Framework Agreement for Cooperation on Science, Technology and Innovation gives shape to the various aspects of the collaboration.

The action plan was finalized in the presence of Brazilian President Rousseff and Canadian Prime Minister Harper in 2011. The collaboration was formed with an aim to spread innovation and development where common interests were present.

Experts from both the countries from private and public sectors are actively participating in the working groups. The Canada-Brazil Joint Science Technology and Innovation Committee has been set up to oversee the objectives and implement them successfully.

Canada and Brazil are well positioned to come up with world class products and solutions to meet the needs of the two countries and the world. Both of them can work together to mutually benefit socially and commercially and drive the economic development of the world.

Focus areas of the Canada and Brazil S&T Action Plan

Continuous R&D to foster innovation, policies and best practices in chosen areas form the top priority of the action plan. The Joint Committee has identified four key areas of collaboration which counts on the participation of the government, academic circles, professionals and the industry.

1. Life sciences

Life science industry is strong in both Brazil and Canada with leading pharmaceutical and medical technology organizations. Together the countries have sought to fight neurodegenerative and infectious diseases through the collaboration.

New therapies, diagnostic processes and pharmaceuticals will be developed with the help of bioinformatics and nanobiotechnology.

2. Ocean science and technology

The sea and long coastline is common to both the countries and the economy is also contributed by marine activities. With the influence of climate change, the need to balance marine resource and industrial operations have led the countries to concentrate on the development of-

  • Sensor technologies for ocean platforms
  • Observing solutions for ocean and coast

3. Clean technology and green energy

The need of sustainable forms of energy also comes within the focus of the action plan. Both the nations are well versed in energy and mining operations and can collaborate to conserve natural resources while ensuring commercial growth.

The working groups will work to develop smart grids, hydroelectric solutions, nanotechnology for clean energy, green mining and so on.

4. Information and communication technology

Areas of information and communication technology like wireless internet, cloud computing, gaming technologies will come under comprehensive R&D. Hard to argue with the fact, that technology became an integral part of our everyday life and it also brought new opportunities for game lovers. Today, you can test your skills ot try your luck by checking a secure websites like Canadian NBSO casino online web adviser, where you can explore reviews on reputed gambling sources and select a special one to your liking without even leaving your home or being anywhere actually (si vous parlez français, essayez un guide de jeu de casino en ligne spécial et lisez les différentes critiques). With high adoption of technology and computing the two countries are well placed to come up with innovative solutions.

Nanotechnology has been chosen as the preferred platform as it can benefit many sectors. Innovative solutions which are cost effective and practical for business will be the priority of the work groups.

Canada and China: science and technology Cooperation Agreement

Science and Technology (S&T) Cooperation Agreements are instrumental in developing bilateral relationships and one of the key elements of foreign relations. If forged suitably it can drive economic development and improve human health along with benefitting the society.

Canada has a long history of creating strong international relationships on many grounds including S&T. The country is a leader in research and can meet the challenge of developing world leading products and solutions which are commercially viable.

One of the top partners of Canada in S&T is the People’s Republic of China. Through a meaningful collaboration both the countries have been working together for over a decade.

Canada and China S&T Collaboration

The agreement was signed between the Canadian Minister of International Trade David Emerson and China’s Minister for Science and Technology Xu Guanhua in 2007. Depending heavily on innovation, the collaboration was made with an aim to leverage research and development operations in key areas.

Being the global leaders in science and technology, the two nations will bring together public and private sector researchers, academicians, experts, innovators. Through sharing of knowledge and joint S&T investment in public and private sectors, motives of the agreement will be realized.

Aims of the Collaboration

One of the major aims of the cooperation involves enabling the Canadian entrepreneurs to market their products in less time. The projects under the collaboration will also bring the private sector and the academic circle closer and reduce the hurdles lying in the path between laboratory and the marketplace.

1. Nature of Projects

The Canada-China Joint Committee (CCJC) on Science and Technology Cooperation has decided to collaborate on the following areas-

2. Energy

Green and clean energy is becoming the priority of all countries around the world. Canada is already one of the leading countries in alternate power generation and excelling in technologies like solar energy.

Both countries can work together in research and R&D to bring more innovative and cost effective energy solutions without depleting the natural resources. China can also benefit from Canada in green energy, fuel cells, clean coal, hydrogen and so on.

3. Environment

Climate change and global warming has brought the need to have better weather surveillance and warning systems. Areas like sustainable mining and material research will be advanced with extensive research with participation from universities, government and the researchers.

China has also shown interest in Canada’s innovative solutions to fight air, water and coastal pollution.

4. Agricultural Foods and Bioproducts

Cooperation between the nations will be used to foster better practices and solutions in agri-food, genetics and genomics and farming systems. The projects deal with developing cost effective agri-products which will be commercially viable and useful to the population.

5. Health and Life Sciences

The advance in medical technology and pharmaceutical industry in Canada makes it a great partner for collaboration with China. Better therapies and medications for infectious and serious diseases are focus areas of the working groups.

The action plan for the collaboration has been updated and renewed in February 2016 when the Canada and China Joint Committee attended its 6th session.